How to start automation testing with a karate framework

Hey folks! hope you are doing well. It is next to impossible if you are from a technical background and you do not know about the testing. In a nutshell, testing is basically ensuring the requirements of the software before getting it delivered to the client. Since it plays a very significant role in the Software development life cycle (SDLC). So today we will discuss testing and How to start automation testing with a karate framework. Do not worry about what is karate and what is its role testing. just beer with these questions in your mind. Because soon you will be resolving all your queries as you go through this post.

What is the Karate framework?

Karate is an open-source API testing tool that was developed by Peter Thomas in 2017. It was written in Java. It uses the cucumber gherkins syntax that is very easy and requires no prior knowledge of programming, making it the best choice for API testers. This testing framework is the only one of its kind which has combined API automation and performance testing into a single framework.  

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Features of karate: 

  • There is no prerequisite for the tester to know Java or any other programming language. 
  • It takes advantage of Cucumber and Gherkins language, making it easy for a tester to write understandable tests. 
  • Thanks to its parallel testing functionality which is a time saver and we need not depend on Maven and Gradle.
  • You can integrate this tool with popular languages like JUnit and TestNG.
  • You can call a feature file another file.
  • A big thanks to the built-in data driver testing hence you need to depend on external frameworks.
  • It can also handle a large no of HTTP calls which includes: Web Socket support, SOAP request, HTTP, Browser cookie handling, HTTPS, HTML-form data, XML requests.
  • It provides a pleasant UI to write and debug test scripts.

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How to start automation testing with a karate framework

To begin with the automation testing in karate. you are required to know about some tools to install in the karate framework. these are as follows.

  1. Eclipse: It is an open-source tool and is mostly preferred by java programmers. Since I have told you earlier that karate is written in java, it makes sense to choose Eclipse ide for the development. You can also go with Intellij, Visual studio, etc they are equally considerable.
  2. Maven: It is an automation tool and is primarily used for building java projects. It may help you setting up the karate framework. You will need to use maven dependency to work with the karate framework.
    <dependencies>
              <dependency>
                       <groupId>com.intuit.karate</groupId>
                      <artifactId>karate-apache</artifactId>
                      <version>0.9.5</version>
                      <scope>test</scope>
               </dependency>
               <dependency>
                        <groupId>com.intuit.karate</groupId>
                        <artifactId>karate-junit4</artifactId>
                        <version>0.9.5</version>
                        <scope>test</scope>
                 </dependency>
    </dependencies>

Writing your first test script:

  • Create a new MAVEN Project in Eclipse Editor
  • Once created, now you will be able to see the following structure in the Project Explorer window.
  • Include all your Dependencies.
  • Open POM.xml and copy the below code under the dependency tag and save the file.
<dependency>
         <groupId>com.intuit.karate</groupId>
         <artifactId>karate-apache</artifactId>
         <version>0.9.5</version>
         <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
        <groupId>com.intuit.karate</groupId>
        <artifactId>karate-junit4</artifactId>
        <version>0.9.5</version>
        <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
  • Just take a scenario, what are you going to test in this Karate Test Script.
  • Now our next step would be to create a .feature file.
  • Since we have the scenario and the blank. feature file ready, we can start with our test script. Let us start coding
  • Now we need to create a TestRunner.java file
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import com.intuit.karate.junit4.Karate;
@RunWith(Karate.class)
public class TestRunner
{
}
  • Now we are ready with both the files TestRunner.Java and UserDetails.feature. The only task left for us is to run the script.
  • Last, the Karate framework also gives an HTML report presentation for the execution that you have performed.
    • Go to Target Folder -> surefire-reports-> Here you will see your HTML report that you can open.
  • Finally, HTML Report will be shown to you depicting Scenarios & Test that has been executed for the mentioned scenario:

Conclusion:

Testing is a significant phase in SDLC and plays a major role in delivering a satisfactory product to the client. hope with this post you have got basic knowledge about the testing and the karate framework.

Source: software_testing_help

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